This prayer is based on the life of Jesus and Mary. It begins with the Apostles’ Creed, which summarizes the great mysteries of the Catholic faith. The Our Father, which introduces each mystery, is from the Gospels. The first part of the Hail Mary is the angel’s words announcing Christ’s birth and Elizabeth’s greeting to Mary. St. Pius V officially added the second part of the Hail Mary.The Mysteries of the Rosary center on the events of Christ’s life. There are four sets of Mysteries: Joyful, Sorrowful, Glorious and–added by Pope John II in 2002–the Luminous.
The repetition in the Rosary is meant to lead us into contemplative prayer related to each Mystery. “The gentle repetition of the words helps us to enter into the silence of our hearts, where Christ’s spirit dwells”.